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Sugpon is the southernmost town of the province of Ilocos Sur. In fact, it is one of the biggest towns of the province in terms of its original land area. Generally, the municipality is laid upon a wild and rugged territory where verdant hills and mountains abound, added to the lustre and beauty of the numerous creeks and streams that serve as tributaries of the mighty and legendary Amburayan River. On the North, the municipality is bounded by Alilem, Ilocos Sur; on the East by Bakun and Kibungan, Benguet; on the South by Kibungan, Benguet; and on the West by Santol and Sudipen, La Union in which the Amburayan River acts as a natural barrier between said municipalities.

The municipality is composed of six (6) barangays, namely: Poblacion – Balbalayang , Banga, Caoayan, Danac, Licungan, Pangotan. Within these barangays are sitios named Toyeng, Nagawa, Pacaoan, Sawangan, Calipayan as the most prominent ones. In the vast expense of the interior of Sugpon are disputes on territorial boundaries between Sugpon and the municipalities of Bakun and Kibungan, Benguet. The contested areas since the late 1940s are Culliang, Culili, Dalipey, Badeo, Pilipilid, Lanipeo and Nagawa.

Sugpon was then a part of the Old Mountain Province and was one among the municipalities and municipal districts composing the Amburayan Congressional District. It became part of Ilocos Sur sometime in 1920 when the provinces in the North were reorganized. It was then reclassified as 6th class municipality in 1978. (Now as 5th class municipality) The early inhabitants were of heterogenous groups; Ilocano – Christians from the low lands and some ethnic tribes like the Kankanaeys, Igorots, Tingguians and others. These groups of people lived together in peace and harmony resulting to intermarriages. This gave way to the birth of the Bago tribe, meaning “Newly Christianized”, speaking the Iloko dialect. However, in all the barangays with the exception of Poblacion, residents speak an exotic mixture of Ilocano – Kankanaey and practice similarly mixed culture of the low and the high lands.

The dominant religions are Roman Catholic, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, and Wesleyan Church. The native dance is the Sayaw and Sadong for the Kankanaey and Iddumdum and the Puggapog for the Bago. The festivities are the Kañao, Bagat and the annual town fiesta. Some of the artifacts remaining today are the old jars of Chinese arts, the blue and white ceramic, wooden household wares, the Gong, Gansa and Solibao, most commonly found in possession of descendants of elders or panglakayen.

Sugpon is primarily an agricultural community and the people are small farm – owner – cultivators whose crops are rice, corn, tobacco, legumes, camote, and other rootcrops. The farmers also engaged in hog, chicken, goat, cattle raising and now have diversified into mango and banana production.